The Seven Keys to Comprehension: How to Help Your Kids Read It and Get It!
1. Create mental images:
Good readers create a wide range of visual,
auditory, and other sensory images as they read, and they become
emotionally involved with what they read.
2. Use background knowledge:
Good readers use their relevant prior
knowledge before, during, and after reading to enhance their understanding
of what they’re reading.
3. Ask questions:
Good readers generate questions before, during, and
after reading to clarify meaning, make predictions, and focus their attention
on what’s important.
4. Make inferences:
Good readers use their prior knowledge and
information from what they read to make predictions, seek answers to
questions, draw conclusions, and create interpretations that deepen their
understanding of the text.
5. Determine the most important ideas or themes:
Good readers identify key ideas or themes as they read, and they can distinguish
between important and unimportant information.
6. Synthesize information:
Good readers track their thinking as it
evolves during reading, to get the overall meaning.
7. Use fix up strategies:
Good readers are aware of when they
understand and when they don’t. If they have trouble understanding
specific words, phrases, or longer passages, they use a wide range of
problem-solving strategies including skipping ahead, rereading, asking
questions, using a dictionary, and reading the passage aloud.
Good readers use the same strategies whether they’re reading Reader’s Digest or a calculus textbook.
There is nothing fancy about these strategies. They are common sense. But to read well, readers must use them.