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Civil Rights Leaders: Study Guide
A Civil Rights leader is someone who fights for equal rights.
Equal – the same as someone or something else
Segregation – the separation of people based on the color of their skin
Boycott – a group’s refusal to deal with a business or person, in order to bring about change
Strike – a group’s refusal to work, in order to have changes made
Migrant farmworker – a person who travels from one farm to another to find work
Suffrage – the right to vote
Susan B. Anthony
- She wanted woman to be able to vote. She fought for women’s suffrage, or women’s right to vote.
- She was arrested after voting when women were not allowed to vote.
- She led meetings and protests to change the voting laws.
- The laws were not changed until many years after her death.
-He was the first African American to play major league baseball.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
-He fought for equality for black people.
-He spoke out against laws which kept black people out of many schools and jobs.
-He led peaceful protests and marches demanding fair laws for all people.
-He made his famous “I have a dream” speech where he told everyone that he hoped that someday black people and white people would be treated equal.
-She was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus so that a white man could sit down.
-People of Montgomery, Alabama boycotted city buses. This caused the bus companies to lose money. Eventually the government ordered the bus companies to stop segregation on the city buses.
-He fought for higher pay and better working conditions for migrant farm workers.
-He led farm workers in strikes. This is when a group of workers agrees to stop working until things change.
-He led boycotts of grapes and lettuce so the farm owners would lose money and agree to better treatment of farm workers.
-He decided to fast (to stop eating) until his followers promised that they would not use violence. Like Martin Luther King he did not believe in violence.
-Thousands of farm workers lead better lives today because of Cesar Chavez.
Martin Luther King, Jr.