Play the audio for the selection from Mary Wollstonecraft's A Vindication of the Rights of Woman above or follow the URL below to  (If the link doesn't take you straight to the audio, then choose Lang. Arts 9-12, South Carolina, GO!, McDougal Littell-12th Grade, Listening Center, V for Vindication, and "Listen.")

The audio version here is different from the selection in our book.  Parts are excluded or added.  Follow this timeline to play portions or read other portions.

Start to 5:39 follows our textbook.
Break at 5:39.  You must read that section from the second column on 670 to the first paragraph on 671.
The audio picks up again at 5:39 with the second paragraph on 671 to the end of that paragraph, stopping at 6:32.
Read the last paragraph on 671 to the top of 673.
The audio at 6:32 picks up again at the top of 673.
Stop the audio at 9:00 and read the last paragraph in our textbooks on your own.


A Vindication of the Rights of Woman --Mary Wollstonecraft


       1.    What is the tone of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman?

       2.    Wollstonecraft devotes the beginning of her introduction to the claim that women have been harmed by . . .

       3.    In the introduction, the author prepares the reader for the rest of the essay by . . .

       4.    Wollstonecraft says that the books that have been written for women’s improvement have generally encouraged women to act how?

       5.    The author says that a woman should fulfill her responsibility to herself through . . .

       6.    What is one of the author’s counterarguments to the idea that women should be educated to please men?

       7.    What “law of nature” does Wollstonecraft accept?

       8.    What trait does Wollstonecraft hope to develop in women?

       9.    According to Wollstonecraft, people who are only the objects of pity and condescending love will eventually become objects of _____.

    10.    In this essay, an ironic tone can be heard in which of the following lines?


“They only live to amuse themselves . . .”


“My own sex, I hope, will excuse me, if I treat them like rational creatures, . . .”


“I wish also to steer clear of an error which many respectable writers have fallen into; . . .”


“Many individuals have more sense than their male relatives . . .”

    11.    In the first paragraph of this essay, Wollstonecraft declares that many women are “wretched.” Considering the connotations of the word “wretched,” why do you think she uses that words to make her point?